Born in Lubbock, Texas, on this day in 1936, Buddy Holly only lived to age 22, but his influence lives on as a pioneering figure in the mid-1950s emergence of “rock and roll” music. Here, Buddy and his Crickets perform “That’ll Be the Day” on “The Ed Sullivan Show” in late 1957. And here, some Buddy fans calling themselves The Quarrymen (aka John Lennon, Paul McCartney and George Harrison) cover the huge Holly hit in 1958, a performance that some call the first Beatles recording.